How to Care for Your Potatoes

Growing potatoes at home is fun and delicious. How should you be taking care of your potatoes?

Potatoes are simple to cultivate and, with the right amount of attention and care, may provide a substantial harvest. Potatoes need soil abundant in nutrients, water, and organic matter to grow well. This soil can be created with just a little tender love and care.

This guide will walk you through all you need to know to care for your potatoes properly.

Why You Should Consider Growing Them

Potatoes are a staple in most of our diets. When appropriately grown, one seed potato can produce 8 to 10 pounds of potatoes. 

potato plant growing in dried ground

General Care

It is essential to have a solid understanding of the requirements of potato plants to care for and maintain them properly. If done correctly, the potato plant will flourish and provide high-quality, abundant harvests in the future.

The following is a list of factors you must consider when cultivating potatoes.

Water Needs

A consistent water supply is essential for potato plants. Make sure to water the plants at least an inch per week. They are particularly vulnerable to dryness when blossoming since it is when potato tuber formation is most active. Mulching can aid in retaining moisture around the plants but can also increase insect and rodent activity. 

Observing their leaves may determine if your potatoes want more water. When the plant gets too dry, the leaves of potatoes droop. To prevent this, be sure to water your potatoes regularly.

water sprinkler in the potato plant farm

Amount of Sun

Planting potatoes in areas that get enough sunlight will encourage vigorous top growth and healthy root development. They are tolerant of some shade, but the lush growth at the top of the plant nourishes the tubers underneath. Sun exposure of at least six to eight hours daily is recommended for optimal health. 


Potatoes are medium to robust growers; as a result, they need a substantial amount of nutrients to develop healthy foliage and provide a quality harvest. However, excessive nitrogen easily damages starchy tubers; hence, fast-acting mineral fertilizers are not the best choice. Therefore, it would help if you used natural, slow-acting fertilizers that release their nutrients for months or even years.

growing healthy plant in the dried soil

Other Maintenance

Aside from the fundamental care requirements stated above, there are extra practices designed particularly for potato plants to aid their growth.


The taste of potatoes is enhanced by darkness and depth. You’ll need to regularly hill up or mound dirt and compost around the plant as the potato plants rise above the soil’s surface to ensure that only the top leaves are exposed to sunlight.

It’s crucial to keep potatoes from being exposed to sunlight since this turns them green and produces solanine, a poisonous and bitter-tasting toxin.

new planted of healthy potato plants


Healthy potato plants don’t need pruning. To make the sugars that are eventually stored as starch in the tubers, they require a lot of leaves. However, early leaf disease is an exception to this rule, and it may be controlled by removing the affected leaves.


There are a couple well known pests that can bother your plants. The most well known one is the potato bug. Make sure to identify and get rid of them before they destroy your plants. 

a small insect destroying the plant

Best Time to Plant

Once the soil can be cultivated, potato plants may be planted, often two to three weeks before the last spring frost for many gardeners. However, remember that too-wet soil will cause the potato seeds to rot. When deciding when to plant, pay more attention to the ground than the calendar.

Some gardeners may sow the first crop of early-maturing potatoes in milder climates in early to mid-April, six to eight weeks before the typical last frost date. These types are frost resistant.
Potatoes may be produced as a winter crop in warmer climates, and the planting season runs from September to February. 

healthy potatoes that ready to harvest
Alaine Connolly
Alaine has been working way too hard in horticulture since 1992, beautifying golf courses, resorts, and hotels. She is a part time landscape designer who works full time caring for a 28,000 square foot public garden. At home, she maintains her own 400 square feet plot. Alaine lives in northern Illinois - zone 5b.
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